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England and the UK
England Needs a Parliament
Charles Churchill. 1731-1764.The Farewell.
The English are treated as second-class subjects. It is about time this unfairness was ended.
August 2012 - London Olympics
25 January 2009
(25 Jan 1759) Birth of Robert Burns, Scottish poet
25 January 2009
25 January 1959 - Death of Mike Hawthorn, British world champion racing driver
1 January 2009
10th Anniversary of the Euro.
(1 Jan 1999) The euro officially was officially adopted by 11 Countries in the European Union as their countries new currency.
1 January 2009
(1 Jan 1949) The British Nationality Act came into effect. This Act established the status of 'Citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies', and granted those citizens the right to enter and live in the United Kingdom.
150th Anniversary George Cross Medal
Great Britain's highest medal for outstanding gallantry in the face of the enemy
(created by Queen Victoria in 1856)
200th Anniversaries of
6 March 1806 - Birth of the English writer Elizabeth Barrett Browning
20 May 1806 - Birth of British philosopher John Stuart Mill
21 October 2005
Bicentenary of the Battle of Trafalgar.
60th Anniversary V-E Day
21 December 2004
200th Anniversary of the birth of British Statesman Benjamin Disraeli
29 May 2004
Death of English computer scientist Alan Turing - May 29, 1954
25 June 2003
Centenary of Birth of English author George Orwell (25 June 1903)
The United Kingdom
|National Anthem of the United Kingdom
6 May - British General Election
There are a number of political parties which stand for election in the UK.
British National Party - I know this Party supports Great Britain.
Conservatives - Not, to my mind, a true Conservative Party anymore.
Democratic Unionist Party - Don't really know this one.
Greens - Well, who believes everything they throw at us regarding Climate Change anymore?
Labour - Just been through 13 years of Hell with this arrogant, greedy and manipulative party.
Liberal Democrats - Want to liberalise too many of our traditional ways for my liking.
Plaid Cymru - Welsh - sorry I don't know much except that I believe this is a Nationalist Party for Wales.
Progressive Unionist - Sorry I don't know this one.
Respect Unity Coalition - Sorry I don't know this one.
Scottish Nationalists - As it says, a Nationalist Scottish party which would like independence from the rest of the UK.
Scottish Socialist Party - Leftwing Scottish Party.
Sinn Fein - I think this is an Irish Anti-British Party
UK Independence Party - Supposedly created to get the UK out of the EU.
Ulster Unionists - Loyalist Party.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was founded on 1 January 1801 when the Act of Union was signed. The Act was accompanied by the unveiling of the modern Union Flag. The first sketch for a Union Flag was produced in 1606 by James I, but it was another 200 years before the modern design was completed in time for the Act of Union in 1801.
Until the 19th century, the Union Flag had just been a combination of the red-on-white vertical cross of St George (England's national flag) and the diagonal white-cross-on-blue of St Andrew's (Scotland's National Flag - the Saltire).
With the Act of Union in 1801, a new design was required, incorporating the thin red-on-white diagonal cross of St Patrick (Ireland's National Flag). The Welsh Dragon (Wales National Flag) was not incorporated into the new design because, at that time, Wales was considered to be part of England. Today, since the Independence of Eire, the Union consists of Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
It is only when the Union flag is flown from the jack mast on British ships that it should be called the Union Jack, however, this is how most people know it today. The flag should also only be flown with the broad white cross band at the top on the mast side. Flown upside down it is a sign of distress.
I believe the UK can be a force for good and believe the Union can still be of great benefit for all the nations who belong to it. However, every country in this Union should be treated equally and fairly to prevent bitterness and resentment.
In contrast to the enthusiastic celebrations of the Australians' Centenary on the same day - 1st January, 2001, the British Government did nothing to mark the United Kingdom's Bi-Centenary. This shows the contempt in which this Government holds, not just England, but the United Kingdom too. The Government appears to have been hoping the day would slip by without anyone realising. The antagonism they show against any display of patriotic pride, especially if the patriot is English, is disgraceful. I also believe there is some political expediency involved, regarding the peace process in Northern Ireland.
The year 2001 also marked the 300th Anniversary of the Act of Settlement, the 465th Anniversary of the Act of Union between England and Wales and the 294th Anniversary of the Act of Union which created the United Kingdom of Great Britain.
What other Government would have purposely ignored these historical anniversaries?
Can anybody imagine the French ignoring Bastille Day?
A few years ago the USA celebrated the 200th Anniversary of their Independence from the UK, with much enjoyment, and that is as it should be. Can anybody imagine the President of the USA trying to ignore the anniversary?
In 2001, the Australians also celebrated the 100th Anniversary of 1st January 1901, when the Australian colonies combined into the single Commonwealth of Australia. There was no way the Australians were going to ignore their birthday.
"We must be free or
speak the tongue
That Shakespeare spake,
the faith and morals hold,
Which Milton held......"
"But we are the people of England; and we have not spoken yet. Smile at us, pay us, pass us. But do not quite forget."
- Gilbert K. Chesterton -
England's Patron Saint
England's Patron Saint is St George. St George's day is on 23rd April. Coincidentally, this is also the date of both the birth and death of William Shakespeare.England's National flag is the Flag of St. George, a red cross on a white background. St. George is usually depicted with this emblem on his shield. He was made the patron saint of England by Edward III in 1349.
Tales of St. George seem to have been circulating in England since the eighth century. It is generally accepted that St. George of the dragon fame, actually existed but there are a number of versions of the legend, one claiming that he was born in Cappadocia in the 3rd century and died in Palestine as a martyr. In that story, Coventry would not have come into existence yet. But, as I am English and St. George is my Patron Saint, I prefer the legend of the English St. George.
St. George, the Patron Saint of England was, according to one legend, born at Caludon Castle in Coventry and also lain to rest there. 'Guy, Earl of Warwick, has also been said to have been one of St. George's three sons. This Coventry St. George died in 303 AD in Palestine.
'If I should die, think only this of me: that there's some corner of a foreign field that is, forever England. There shall be in that rich earth a richer dust concealed; a dust whom England bore, shaped, made aware, gave, once, her flowers to love, her ways to roam, a body of England's, breathing English air, washed by the rivers, blest by suns of home.'
The Soldier - Rupert Brook
The English Rose
England's National Flower is the Rose. Initially a gold rose became the symbol of England when Henry III married Eleanor of Provence. The golden rose of Provence was adopted by England as its new floral symbol. From this golden rose came the red rose of the House of Lancaster and the white rose of the House of York.
The Three Royal Lions of England
The lion is the oldest device known in heraldry and, as "king of beasts", was adopted by kings of Leon, Norway and Denmark as their emblem. However, the origin of the three royal lions of England still remains a mystery.
In the 11th century, Henry I, known as "The Lion of Justice", may have been the first English king to use a lion. It is not known for sure why or when a second lion suddenly appeared. However, when Henry II married Eleanor of Aquitaine, whose family emblem was also a lion, he is believed to have added the third lion. When he led his English troops in the Crusades, Richard I, "the Lion-Heart" carried a shield emblazoned with three golden lions on a red background. These are still the royal symbol of England.
England's National Bird
England's National Bird is the Wren - a tiny brown bird and the smallest bird in England.
England - Part of the United Kingdom
England is NOT the United Kingdom. England is one of the countries in the United Kingdom. England is not Great Britain. Great Britain is all the countries of the United Kingdom - Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and England.
Three countries of the UK, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, now have their own devolved governments, with National Parliaments or a National Assembly to look after the interests of their own people.
In the British Parliament at Westminster in London, all the countries of the UK send MPs to represent their own constituents from whichever country of the British Isles they have their constituency, English MPs are prohibited from having any say in matters devolved to those three countries' Parliament or National Body. However, MPs from these devolved countries, National Assemblies or Parliaments have duel mandates. They can, unfairly, vote on purely English affairs and affect what laws are passed in England for the English as well as voting in their own countries Parliament or Assembly. The injustice of this has already been demonstrated in the bills to ban hunting and the ancient rights of citizens of this country to trial by their peers. It was only through the support of the Scottish MPs at Westminster that these laws were passed for implementation in England only. There is nothing to stop dual mandate MPs voting for one action in England and another in their own country if it suits their country's interests.
Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland's MPs can, illogically and unfairly, have their say in matters involving only the English. The English cannot have any matters decided by their OWN people in their OWN national parliament as they are being denied the right to have a Parliament of their own. So, matters concerning only the English can only be debated in the UK Parliament and can be debated and decided by MPs from all the other UK countries, against the wishes of the English MPs. This is just wrong and if this was happening to any of the other UK countries, there would be outrage in the House of Commons and steps would be taken to remedy the situation. Even if this present House of Commons does not react with outrage, an outrage it most certainly is. This is not true democracy because the English have nobody to speak just on their behalf, unlike the other countries of the UK.
The United Kingdom Government at Westminster, acting in an undemocratic, discriminatory and unfair way, will not give equal independence to the remaining country of the UK - England.
This refusal by Blair's Government to give equal treatment to the English appears mainly to be their fear that, because England is the largest member of the UK, by giving England her own Parliament, the break-up of the UK will follow. However, it is my belief (and the belief of a growing number of people) that if England continues to be unfairly discriminated against in this way it will do more damage to the UK than equality of treatment with the rest of Great Britain would ever do. That sounds pretty obvious to me. Why should England be held in an unfair political system, without national representation, to sustain the impression of a United Kingdom? Such cynical and unjust treatment will never work in the long term and cannot and should not be sustained.
In 2003 John Reid (a Scottish MP with a Scottish constituency), was made the Health Minister for England. Now, health is a devolved power to the Scottish Parliament so English MPs can have no voice in Scottish health matters. However, this did not deter Prime Minister Blair from giving Reid authority over health issues in England. Reid's own constituents in Scotland were not affected by anything he did to the Health Service in England as their own Parliament has jurisdiction over Scottish health matters. However, as Reid has no English constituency, no English person can throw him out of office. What contempt this shows for the English.
Then there is the fox-hunting bill. This also is a devolved power to Scotland so the English can have no say on this matter in Scotland. However, because there is no English Parliament and the UK Parliament is full of Scottish MPs, the bill to ban fox hunting was banned in England with the help of Scottish MPs. It is not the banning I am protesting about here, but the fact that, once again, Scottish MPs have decided something for England where they have no constituents and, therefore, do not have to answer to anybody for their actions.
Until we are granted equality with Scotland with our own parliament, the Scots and also the Welsh should not vote on purely English matters.
those feet in ancient time walk
upon England's mountains green?
And was the
holy Lamb of God on England's pleasant pastures seen?
And did the
countenance divine, shine forth upon our clouded hills?
And was Jerusalem builded here, among those dark satanic hills?
Bring me my bow of burning gold! Bring me my arrows of desire!
Bring me my
spear! O clouds unfold!
I will not cease from mental flight, Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand,
Till we have built Jerusalem in England's green and pleasant land.
Examples of the Unfair Treatment of England
Representation - Ministers of the devolved governments of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are entitled to represent the whole of the UK at the European Union Headquarters in Brussels. England, alone in these islands, cannot and neither can any of this Labour government's proposed regions of England. The people of England are overtaxed and not represented at all as a nation.
The English are required to pay taxes to the UK government but receive much less back in benefits than Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales.
Government Finance - For the year 1998/1999 the total government expenditure per head of population for Northern Ireland was £5,450, for Scotland £4,772, for Wales £4586 and in England just £3,897.
Education - Per person. The people of England receive 30% less than people in Scotland. This has enabled the Scottish Parliament to grant free tuition for students in tertiary education without them having to raise any more in taxes from the Scottish people.
Housing - Welsh people receive £106 per head of their population. In England this is only £53 - exactly half.
Tourism - The British Government at Westminster allocates the following per head of population - Northern Ireland £8.25, Wales £4.99, Scotland £3.63 and in England a derisory 20p.
In 2003 this unfairness was still there, although some English MPs are beginning to question why.
I love England, my own country, and I believe everybody should be proud of their country and their roots, no matter what part of the world they live in. Every nation has it's own unique beauty, including England. What a far drearier world it would be if we were all the same. Every country should have its own patriots. It is right and natural for English people to love their own Country above all others, much as a family member loves their own family above all others. This is not to say, of course, that we cannot love other people or cannot wish other countries well.
My best wishes go to the Scots with their new Parliament and the Welsh with their new Assembly. These are both beautiful countries which I have visited a number of times and hope to visit again. In fact, my mother was from Scotland and I hope, one day, to visit my ancestors area of Dumfriesshire. I sincerely wish them well with their new Parliaments and Assembly. I think the time was long over-due when they should have control over their own countries. Who wants to be run by an elite set down in London, who have no idea how the rest of us in the UK live or want to live, and seem to care even less? If I resent it, then how much more do the Scots, Welsh and Northern Irish? No I do not blame the people of these countries for the undemocratic mess that the UK is now in. I blame the Labour Government. This Labour Government equates love of England by the English as racist. Every other country in the world can love their own country without accusations of racism. The Labour Party have no idea what true patriotism is all about because they appear to hate everything English and despise anyone who does not think as they do. They appear to believe that you can have freedom of thought so long as you think the correct thoughts which they think are right.
However, with the devolution of Scotland and Wales, England is now the only nation within the UK without its own National Body to look after it's own people's interests. What England needs now is an English Parliament to represent the interests of the English people. Westminster is the British Parliament, for the whole of the UK.It is not an English Parliament.
The UK Government will not give equal treatment to English people by giving them their own English Parliament. What they are doing is dividing England into Regions and appear to be trying to create Regional Assemblies by stealth, as a sop, instead of a National Parliament.
The only area this Labour Government gave a referendum to ask if they wanted these regions was in Northern England and this area firmly rejected the idea. Now, the Government have decided not to ask the rest of England. They are too scared of a complete rejection from across the country, which they might not be able to ignore. They are now just sneaking in Regions without our permission. They have not asked us if we would rather have our Country divided up and have Regional Assemblies rather than an English Parliament for an undivided England and they are not going to ask us now. The do not dare ask us after the rebuff they suffered at the hands of the North of England. The carving up of England is already underway. We, apparently, must not be given equal treatment with the rest of Great Britain.
The Conservatives are no better than Labour at giving us this right of self-determination with our own English Parliament. They just weakly say that, in government, they will not allow UK MPs with Scottish constituencies to vote on purely English affairs as is the case at the moment. The fact that this is happening is absolutely disgraceful and Scottish MPs have pushed through quite a few laws which only affect the English. This is indeed morally reprehensible but the democratic answer is to create an English Parliament.
Even the European Union Mapdid not show England as an independent nation in its own right. England was described under "other European Union regions". What a disgrace! It appears that England is gradually being erased from maps and documents and pressure is being applied to erase it from the minds of the English people. We are very rarely referred to as English anymore but British. Even when it is obvious that the speaker means the English it is extremely rare for the English to be described as English.
Politicians appear to be trying to make us ashamed to call ourselves English rather than British and many of them at the top of government seem to denigrate England and the English at any opportunity. In fact Jack Straw (the British Labour Home Secretary) appears to believe England is a nation of racists. I believe his statements are racist in themselves - against the English. He takes no pride, it seems in any aspect of England. He now also appears to be trying to equate the word British with racism too. His very words seem to be contrived to drive a wedge between the white English and other English people whose forebears were from non-white nations, which I think is very worrying. Is it such a crime to be a patriot? In most countries being a patriot and loving one's own country is the most natural thing in the world. Countries need patriots who are willing to work and fight for the values and traditions on which their country has been built and in which they believe. No country can improve its people's lot without the support of those who love that country.
People of England, you must stand up and be counted. Write to your MPs and your local and national papers. Make your voices heard. Do not let this Government destroy England as a nation. We are not just regions - we are a country and our name is England. We are not a nation of racists any more than any other nation. Every nation on Earth has its bigots but through the ages the English have welcomed many other nationalities to these island shores and I am sure we will through ages yet to come.
We also, do not have to redefine what makes us British or English. Nationalities do not change with time, they just ARE, and no Labour Government's "Patriotism Minister" will decide what the British or English are and make them fit their politically correct mould. They try to make out our past is not a wonderful history of these islands and make us ashamed of what our ancestors achieved. Well, there are still many of us out here who are truly proud of what this Country has achieved and what it can still achieve given just half a chance and a bit of fairness.
We have a democratic right to equality of treatment and representation and to have our voice heard in our own National Parliament, just like the Scots.
At present there is no true democracy for English people in England.
"He that wishes to see his country robbed of its rights cannot be a patriot."
Campaign for an English Parliament
If you are interested in campaigning for an English Parliament or just want to find out more, there is a website which may be of interest to you. It is www.thecep.org.uk - A non-party political organisation, it welcomes support from anybody, whatever their political affiliations or nationality, who agrees that all the nations of the UK should be treated equally, and that in the interests of fairness and democracy England must be given a Parliament of it's own.
We Are The English - Clothing, merchandise, news and views - www.wearetheenglish.com
To none will we sell, to none will we deny, to none will we delay right or justice.
Magna Carta, Great Charter of King John, Runnymede - 15th June 1215
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